Cash Out Second Mortgage
Once you have purchased a home and are making monthly payments, you are in the process of building equity. The opportunity to use the equity you have built up in your home is one of the benefits of homeownership. A "cash-out mortgage" can be a good idea for homeowners who want to draw on the equity built up in their house to get cash for a major purchase or for their children's education. However cash out refinancing is more advantageous when the item that was purchased has a similar expected life as the loan. Making improvements to your property or purchasing a second home are examples. Since the interest on a mortgage is low, borrowing money against your home proves to be very sound. Besides the mortgage interest is usually tax deductible. (Check with your taxing authority!)
Typically you are allowed to refinance up to 75%, (sometimes 80%), of the value of the property on conforming loans whereas on jumbo loans you are limited to 70% of the property's value. For example, if your home is now valued at $120,000 and your loan balance is $70,000, you might be able to get a new $120,000 x 75% = 90,000 mortgage. That would allow you to repay the existing $70,000 balance and use the $20,000 for your financial needs.
Another possibility to use the equity to your advantage with an equity loan, also known as a 2nd mortgage. These cash out loans available up to 85% of the appraised value of your home. Home Equity Loans often carry a higher interest rate determined by your creditworthiness and loan to value ratios on the property. Draw periods can range from 5 to 25 years (typically 5, 10, or 15 years). The qualifying process for a Home Equity Loan is very similar to that of a first mortgage.
Some lenders now offer Home Equity Lines of credit that allow you to obtain cash advances with a credit card or to write checks up to a certain credit limit. Home Equity Lines also use the equity in your home as collateral for the amount of credit you request.
Cash Out Second Mortgage FYI:
With cash-out refinancing, you refinance your mortgage for more than you currently owe, then pocket the difference.
Even before you do the math, it's best to take a close look at how you plan to spend the money from cash-out refinancing. Specifically, is the cash for a short-term purpose or a long-term purpose?
If you're going to make payments for 15 or 30 years, it makes sense to spend the money on something enduring: an addition to the house that will increase its value, potentially lifesaving experimental medical treatment that your health insurance won't pay for, or to start a business.